Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Education (Ph.D)


Administrative and Instructional Leadership

First Advisor

Anthony Annunziato

Second Advisor

Catherine DiMartino

Third Advisor

Richard DiBernardo


Ethical violations in education exist worldwide. Superintendents of schools are in the unique position of exerting their authority and influence on the entire community. They also contend with ethically challenging situations. The purpose of the study is to determine the extent to which superintendents are influenced more by their experiences versus their training in ethical standards when ethically challenging situations confront them. In response to ethical issues that have occurred in education, academic institutions and districts have attempted to rectify the issue by further training and practices. This study determined that existing superintendents in New York utilize their own experiences and ethics over relying on one of several codes of ethics or their administrative certifications program training when confronted with ethically challenging situations. A phenomenological study was conducted utilizing an adaption of the Ethical Awareness Inventory to determine the feelings and sentiments of current superintendents toward ethics when presented with ethically challenging situations.