Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Education (Ph.D)


Administrative and Instructional Leadership

First Advisor

Stephen Kotok

Second Advisor

Carla D'Ambrosio

Third Advisor

Anthony J. Annunziato


This research study investigated the impact of implementing a Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) bus framework on student behavior. Pre and post-implementation data were collected from an elementary school (K-4) in a large suburban school district on Long Island. The school has been implementing PBIS school-wide but not a bus-specific framework. Office Discipline Referral data was collected and analyzed for All Students and Race and Gender. Data was further disaggregated by Race & Gender. School bus drivers were provided with training on PBIS and the use of the framework on the bus. This research serves to report the efficacy of a PBIS framework through a reduction of bus Office Discipline Referrals (ODRs). The study findings have implications for the implementation of PBIS-bus strategies and research concerning new ways to approach behavior management aboard school buses.

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