Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Education (Ed.D.)


Administrative and Instructional Leadership

First Advisor

Anthony Annunziato

Second Advisor

James Campbell

Third Advisor

Richard Bernato


The purpose of the study was to determine the secondary principals perspective to their role; in addition, to their perception of common planning, teaming and the use of an advisory program as essential middle school priorities to prepare students to achieve, acclimate and be successful upon entering high school. The principals’ views allowed for the researcher to present a distinctive set of data that may address the gap in the research literature on common planning, teaming and the use of an advisory program as validated instructional best practices for students at the secondary level.

A self-administered online web survey was provided to secondary administrators to gather data on their perspective to the use and effective implementation of common planning, teaming and student advisory along with qualities of a building leader deemed necessary to overall support implementation and sustenance of these organizational structures. Quantitative statistical research techniques consisting of descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and t-test were used to analyze the data. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data which indicated general tendencies in the data (mean, mode, and median), the spread of the scores (variance, standard deviation, and range) and comparison of how one score relates to all others such as percentile rank.

The descriptive quantitative study found that principals had a higher affinity for maintaining strong working relationships with faculty and staff along with the desire to have a safe, inviting, inclusive and supporting the developmental needs of students to be of importance in their leadership role. The study also found that middle school principals had a high affinity for organizational structures of common planning, teaming and advisory as opposed to junior high school and junior-senior high school principals having a higher affinity for only common planning and teaming.

This study may provide secondary administrators, superintendents, boards of education, legislatures and the New York State Department of Education with further insight and direction regarding organizational structures of common planning, teaming and the use of advisory in the education of students in secondary education under their leadership