Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Education (Ed.D.)


Administrative and Instructional Leadership

First Advisor

Stephon Kotok

Second Advisor

Seokhee Cho

Third Advisor

Anthony Annunziato


Will there be a difference in academic achievement between remote learners and face-to-face learners between the school years of 2020-21 and 2021-22 school year? Archived data of approximately 1,200 students from the 2020-21 and 2021-22 school years was used from a suburban secondary school servicing students grades 9-12. The school district located in the northeastern part of the United States. Independent samples t test and two-way ANOVAs were conducted to determine if there were statistically significant differences in academic achievement between the 2020-21 and 2021-2022 school years, the remote learners based upon the two groups (remote learners, face-to-face learners). In the end, there was difference between academic achievements between students who learned remotely compared to those you learned face-to-face. In addition, delivery mode had no significant difference for students who are ELL students. The results can further allow schools to make decisions if remote learning should be a viable option to educate their students moving forward.