Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Philosophy (Ph.D)


Education Specialties

First Advisor

Michael Sampson

Second Advisor

Richard Brown


Writing continues to be an underserved content area within English Language Arts instruction in elementary school classrooms. This sequential mixed-methods study was designed to develop a current state of practice for writing pedagogical training within the Pacific Northwest. Course descriptions were analyzed for specific references to writing, or terms inclusive of writing, from five teacher preparation programs in Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. Grounded in expertise theory, the implications for this work are aimed at schools of education as well as teacher licensing bodies reflecting on if their training practices are supportive in developing a solid foundation for preservice educators as effective teachers of writing.

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